What Is a Casino?


A casino is a gambling establishment, usually attached to or combined with hotels, restaurants and retail shops. Guests gamble cash or casino chips on various random events. The games played at casinos include table games like blackjack and roulette, as well as video poker and slot machines. Some casinos also feature concerts and other live entertainment.

The casino industry has become a major source of revenue for many cities and states. Many casinos are located in tourist destinations and are designed to draw in local and international visitors. Casinos often hire specialized employees to manage and oversee operations. These employees are known as gaming managers and control the flow of money from patrons to the tables and machines.

In addition to casino managers, there are game mathematicians and analysts who help the casinos understand the odds of each game they offer. They calculate the house edge, or expected loss per bet, and the variance, or fluctuation of wins and losses. This information allows the casinos to optimize their games and make sure they are profitable.

Casinos are also a popular way to celebrate special occasions, and many have spectacular decorations, such as giant fountains, towers and replicas of famous landmarks. They also have elaborate surveillance systems with cameras that watch every table, window and doorway, and can be adjusted to focus on suspicious patrons. In some cases, the security personnel must rely on players to report cheating and other violations.